Inequalities

Definition


+ = {a | a ∈ ℝ and a is located to the R.H.S. of 0 in the number line}
- = {a | a ∈ ℝ and a is located to the L.H.S. of 0 in the number line}
{0} = The single point 0

Then, = - ∪ {0} ∪ ℝ+

Definition


Let a, b ∈ ℝ
  1. a - b ∈ ℝ+, We say that a is greater than b. When this happens, we write: a > b
  2. a - b ∈ ℝ+ ∪ {0}, We say that a is greater than or equal to b. When this happens, we write: a ≥ b
  3. a - b ∈ ℝ-, We say that a is less than b. When this happens, we write: a < b
  4. a - b ∈ ℝ- ∪ {0}, We say that a is less than or equal to b. When this happens, we write: a ≤ b

r ∈ ℝ+ ⇒ r - 0 ∈ ℝ+ ⇒ r > 0
r ∈ ℝ+ ∪ {0} ⇔ r ≥ 0
r ∈ ℝ- ⇔ r < 0
r ∈ ℝ- ∪ {0} ⇔ r ≤ 0

Convection


a ∈ ℝ+ & b ∈ ℝ+ ⇒ ab ∈ ℝ+
a ∈ ℝ+ & b ∈ ℝ- ⇒ ab ∈ ℝ-
a ∈ ℝ- & b ∈ ℝ+ ⇒ ab ∈ ℝ-
a ∈ ℝ- & b ∈ ℝ- ⇒ ab ∈ ℝ+

Theorem


Let a, b, c ∈ ℝ
  1. a > b ⇒ ra > rb ∀r > 0 & ra < rb ∀r < 0
  2. a ≥ b ⇒ ra ≥ rb ∀r > 0 & ra ≤ rb ∀r < 0
  3. a < b ⇒ ra < rb ∀r > 0 & ra > rb ∀r < 0
  4. a ≤ b ⇒ ra ≤ rb ∀r > 0 & ra ≥ rb ∀r < 0
  5. a > b & b > c ⇒ a > c
  6. a < b & b < c ⇒ a < c
  7. a > b ⇒ a + d > b + d & a - d > b - d ∀d ∈ ℝ
  8. a ≥ b ⇒ a + d ≥ b + d & a - d ≥ b - d ∀d ∈ ℝ
  9. a < b ⇒ a + d < b + d & a - d < b - d ∀d ∈ ℝ
  10. a ≤ b ⇒ a + d ≤ b + d & a - d ≤ b - d ∀d ∈ ℝ

Proof:


Let a, b ∈ ℝ
a > b ⇒ ra > rb ∀r > 0 & ra < rb ∀r < 0

Let a > b & r > 0

Then a - b ∈ ℝ+ & r ∈ ℝ+
r (a - b) ∈ ℝ+ [Convection]
ra - rb ∈ ℝ+ [Distributive Law]
ra > rb [by Definition]

Now let a > b & r < 0

Then a - b ∈ ℝ+ & r ∈ ℝ-
r (a - b) ∈ ℝ- [Convection]
ra - rb ∈ ℝ- [Distributive Law]
ra < rb [by Definition]

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Python Laboratory Excersices

Functions

The Skyline Problem